sometimes the restrictions, e.g., production technique, material properties, environmental effect,… which influences or even narrow the process of designing an object. nowadays waste is growing and growing. re-using waste to create a new product made by old, used material is the main idea. the lampshade is simply made by ironed sainsbury bags.

the process is simply ironing and the materials are plastic shopping bags. melting and ironing these together show a variety of outcomes and structures, depending on the bag itself and the amount of bags. other materials like aluminium stripes or wires strengthen the plastic bags and allow further forming and shaping.